The programme > Actions > Management (environmental restoration and
MANAGEMENT (environmental restoration and management)
The very great majority of natural environments along the Loire and its tributaries result from a double history : natural (geology, climate...) and human (multisecular use of land for agriculture or forestry). This is why nearly all the open environments, i.e. not wooded, such as meadows or heathland, depend on the maintenance of farming activities (mowing and/or pasturing) for their survival. Although linked to humans, these environments host many rare and endangered wild species.
Furthermore, although human activities remained generally in balance with natural conditions through many centuries, recent development has led to a profound imbalance in certain environments (see the exploitation of sand and gravel for example).
This is why many sites are in need of ecological restoration work and the introduction of management methods to maintain these environments.
These operations are designed specifically for each site, following diagnosis (management plan).
They can take widely diverse forms :
4 Land purchase or management agreements to conserve river dynamics, avoid transforming meadows into fields for crops, conserve remarkable natural sites,...
4 Intervention using ecological engineering where necessary. For example, to compensate for certain imbalances generated by human activities, brush clearing on islands, reopening environments, reconnecting abandoned channels with rivers, alluvial forest rehabilitation, combating peatland drainage and artificial introduction of forests,...
4 Work with farmers to promote appropriate farming methods : extensive pasturing, often using rustic breeds of cows or sheep, which are endangered species (Limousin or Sologne sheep for example), late mowing to allow plants to develop seeds and birds nesting in the meadows to be ready for flight.